The future of the country depends on 'education'

 The future of the country depends on 'education'

'Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world' i.e. 'Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world'. belonged to .J Abdul Kalam. He also said 'If you fail never give up because fail means first attempt in learning'.

APJ Abdul Kalam used to advise young power to dream high

APJ Abdul Kalam used to advise the young power to dream high. He used to tell the students to 'set their goals and work hard to achieve them. If you do your chosen path with dedication, discipline and with complete sincerity, without hesitation, success will surely come.

It is essential for the students to make full use of the knowledge, skills and abilities they have acquired while building their bright and successful careers that have been built up over the years of hard work. If ever students should not be disappointed. Many times children get stressed about studies and exams. The present central government is making all efforts regarding how to remove the stress in the education of children. India's New Education Policy (NEP) is prominent in this.

Presently, students are getting guidance from PM Modi's dialogue program

At present, PM Modi has also become a big mentor of students like APJ Abdul Kalam. PM Modi does 'Pariksha Pe Charcha' before the students' exams. Students get guidance from Prime Minister Modi's dialogue program. Through this program PM Modi interacts directly with the students. This time too, he discussed the exam on Friday, April 1, 2022. This was the 5th edition of the programme. During this, while interacting directly with the students, PM Modi said that we should mold our policies and systems according to the 21st century. If we do not develop ourselves, we will fall behind.

The journey to make India a global superpower in the field of knowledge continues

India's New Education Policy (NEP) aims to make India a global superpower in the field of knowledge. For this, the Central Government and the State Governments are working together so that India can once again get the status of World Guru in the field of education. For this, the new education policy, which is inspired by the ancient Indian education system, has been brought for the development of the students and the country.

It is to be known, in the ancient Indian education system, the holistic and holistic development of the personality of the students was kept at the center. The aim of the new education policy is also to make the Indian education system holistic, multidisciplinary and practical. The 'New Education Policy' is being considered helpful in the efforts of higher educational institutions and universities to make India an emerging center of knowledge and innovation.

Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu said in the year 2020, “Universities, IITs, NITs and other higher education institutions should bring about a paradigm shift in their teaching-learning approach and equip their teachers with new teaching techniques to suit the needs of the 21st century. Must equip."

National Education Policy 2020

On 29 July 2020, the Union Cabinet chaired by PM Modi approved the National Education Policy 2020. This could open the way for massive transformational reforms in both the school and higher education sectors.

It replaces 34 years old National Education Policy

It may be noted that this is the first education policy of the 21st century which replaced the 34 year old National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986. Built on the pillars of easy access, equity, quality, affordability and accountability for all, this new education policy is in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

NCERT will develop a National Curriculum and Educational Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) for children up to the age of 8 years. Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) will be provided through an elaborate and robust institutional system. This will also include Anganwadi and Pre-schools with teachers and Anganwadi workers trained in ECECE pedagogy and curriculum. ECCE will be planned and implemented jointly by the Ministries of Human Resource Development, Women and Child Development (WCD), Health and Family Welfare (HFW) and Tribal Affairs.

Gaining basic literacy and numeracy knowledge

On setting up of a 'National Mission on Basic Literacy and Numerical Knowledge' by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) in 'NEP 2020', considering basic literacy and acquisition of numerical knowledge as an essential and first requirement for proper learning. Special emphasis has been given. States will prepare an implementation plan to achieve universal basic literacy and numerical knowledge by all learners or students by grade 3 in all primary schools by the year 2025. In addition, a National Book Promotion Policy is to be formulated.

Improvement in school curriculum and pedagogy

The school's curriculum and pedagogy will aim at holistic development of students by equipping them with key skills or practical knowledge of the 21st century and with a greater focus on experiential learning and acquisition of essential knowledge and enhancing essential thinking. To tighten the course be reduced. Students will be given several options to choose the subject of their choice. There shall be no strict distinction between arts and sciences, between curricular and extra-curricular activities, and between vocational and academic subjects.

Vocational education will begin in schools from the sixth grade and will include internships. The National Curriculum Framework for a new and comprehensive school education 'NCFSE 2020-21' will be developed by NCERT.

multilingualism and the power of language

The policy lays special emphasis on keeping the mother tongue, local language, regional language as the medium of instruction at least up to grade 5, preferably up to grade 8 and beyond. Students will be given the opportunity to choose Sanskrit as an option at all levels of school and in higher education. This option will also be included in the three-language formula. No language will be imposed on any student. Other traditional languages ​​and literature of India will also be available as an option. Students will have to participate in an enjoyable project and activity on the 'Languages ​​of India' at some point during grades 6-8 under the 'Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat' initiative. Many foreign languages ​​may also be chosen as an option at the secondary education level. Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across the country and national and state level curriculum materials will be developed for use by deaf students.

improve assessment

The 'NEP 2020' envisages the adoption of regular and formative assessment instead of summative assessment, which is more competency-based, promotes self-development along with learning, and enables higher level of skills such as analytical ability. , assesses necessary thinking ability and conceptual clarity. All students will appear for school examinations in grades 3, 5 and 8, which will be conducted by the appropriate authority. Board exams for grades 10 and 12 will continue but will be redesigned keeping in mind the goal of holistic development. A new National Assessment Center ‘PARKH’ (Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development) will be set up as a benchmark-setting body.

Objectives of the new education policy

The objective of this new education policy is to transform India into a vibrant knowledge society and a global superpower of knowledge by making school and college education more holistic, flexible to suit the needs of the 21st century and to bring out the unique abilities inherent in every student.

In fact, in the field of education, the phase-changing phase has come. This is the reason why the central government, realizing this need, announced a new education policy in the country. Today, the National Education Policy-2020 is working to empower the youth in the country. Not only this, the National Education Policy 2020 is promoting sports along with education. It gives opportunities to the students to stay fit and also helps in their mental, intellectual and social development.

- Holistic and multidisciplinary education for youth

- Flexibility, interest as well as competency-oriented education for youth

Equality and inclusion in higher education to bring the youth from disadvantaged sections into the mainstream

Online and digital education for youth for employability and career development

– To reduce the dropout rate among youth and ensure universal access to education for youth at all levels

Vocational education for youth.

Ensuring equitable access to all levels of school education

NEP 2020 emphasizes on ensuring equitable access to all levels of school education from pre-school to secondary level. School infrastructure will be developed and new education centers will be set up to bring the out-of-school children back into the mainstream. The new education policy includes monitoring of students and their learning levels, providing multi-level facilities for children's education including formal and non-formal education, engaging counselors or trained social workers with the school, classes 3, 5 and 8. Some of the proposed measures for this are open learning through NIOS and state open schools, secondary education programs for class 10 and 12 equivalent, vocational curriculum, adult literacy and life-enhancing programmes. Under NEP 2020, about 2 crore children living out of school will be brought back into the mainstream.

It is necessary to give direction to the energy of youth power of about 65% of the country's population.

The efforts of the Central Government are on to channelize the energy of the youth power of about 65% of the country's population and to create the right environment for promoting entrepreneurship within them. It is time that her talent and skill be harnessed to further the 'Vocal for Local' campaign. The new education policy is not only progressive and visionary, but also in line with the emerging needs and aspirations of 21st century India. This policy also gives ample opportunity to young scholars and students to make their choices based on their merit and their individual circumstances from time to time.

Increase GER to 50% by 2035

The new policy aims to achieve the goal of universalisation of education from pre-school to secondary level with 100% GER in school education by 2030. NEP 2020 aims at higher education including vocational education To increase the Gross Enrollment Ratio in education from 26.3 percent (2018) to 50 percent by 2035. 3.5 crore new seats will be added in higher education institutions.

Now the base of young children will be strong in education

Implemented the new 5+3+3+4 school curriculum structure with 12 years of schooling and 3 years of anganwadi and pre-schooling that caters to children in the age group 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 respectively. Is for. It has a provision to bring hitherto estranged children of 3-6 years of age under the school curriculum, which has been recognized globally as an important stage for the mental development of the child. The new system will have three years of Anganwadi and 12 years of schooling with pre-schooling. 

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